Scleritis is inflammation of the sclera (which is also known casually as the "white of the eye" due to its colour).
Scleritis is classified according to which part of the sclera is affected. Recognised forms of scleritis include:
- Anterior Scleritis, which is much more common than
posterior scleritis, and sub-classified into the groups:
- Diffuse anterior
- Scleromalacia perforans
- Posterior Scleritis, which is less common than anterior scleritis.
In general, symptoms of scleritis may begin slowly and affect either just one, or both, eyes.
Symptoms of scleritis can include:
- redness and / or visible blood vessels near the surface of affected eyes
- pain that is worse when the eye moves
- watering eyes (dacryops)
- loss of vision
- increased sensitivity to light
Scleritis can lead to permanent damage to the eyes and, therefore, vision.
More about Ophthalmology:
This section includes short definitions
of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).
Other related pages include
- A diagram of the eye
- Definitions and descriptions of the parts of the eye
- A concise description of the human retina
- Definitions of parts of the retina
- Clinical and surgical procedures re. eyes and human visual system
For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.