Scleritis

Labelled Diagram of the Eye

Labelled diagram of the structure of the retina

Scleritis is inflammation of the sclera (which is also known casually as the "white of the eye" due to its colour).


Scleritis is classified according to which part of the sclera is affected. Recognised forms of scleritis include:

  • Anterior Scleritis, which is much more common than posterior scleritis, and sub-classified into the groups:
    • Diffuse anterior
    • Nodular
    • Necrotising
    • Scleromalacia perforans
  • Posterior Scleritis, which is less common than anterior scleritis.

In general, symptoms of scleritis may begin slowly and affect either just one, or both, eyes.


Symptoms of scleritis can include:

  • redness and / or visible blood vessels near the surface of affected eyes
  • pain that is worse when the eye moves
  • watering eyes (dacryops)
  • loss of vision
  • increased sensitivity to light

Scleritis can lead to permanent damage to the eyes and, therefore, vision.

More about Ophthalmology:

This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).

Other related pages include

For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.

The following books may also be of interest:

The Aging Eye (Harvard Medical School)
MCQ Companion to the Eye (Textbook)
The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM) Glaucoma: The Essential Treatments and Advances That Could Save Your Sight

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