Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies

Labelled Diagram of the Eye

Labelled diagram of the structure of the retina

Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are stromal condensations - which means stromal cells [a general term in cell biology - not specific to the structures of the eye, which refers to connective tissue cells located in the loose connective tissue of a body-part or organ such as the eye], that have come together in packs or groups that might also be referred to as "condensations" or "aggregates".

That is, Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are tiny compacted groups of connective tissue cells, located in the iris of the eye.

Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are thought to occur in a small proportion, some sources suggest around 15%, of normal (healthy) eyes whose irises are light in colour, e.g. blue, pale blue-grey, or shades of green.

Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are usually mentioned in connection with Brushfield spots which have a similar appearance and so with which they may be confused.

Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are less distinct, less numerous, and more peripheral (i.e. are located at the edges of the iris, furthest from the pupil at the centre of the eye) than Brushfield spots. Also, unlike Brushfield Spots, Kunkmann Wolffian Bodies are not associated with Downs Syndrome.

More about Ophthalmology:

This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).

Other related pages include

For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.

The following books may also be of interest:

The Aging Eye (Harvard Medical School)
MCQ Companion to the Eye (Textbook)
The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM) Glaucoma: The Essential Treatments and Advances That Could Save Your Sight

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