Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Labelled Diagram of the Eye

Labelled diagram of the structure of the retina

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is also known as keratitis sicca and dry eye syndrome (DES).


Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva due to deficiency in the production of tears. (The term "keratoconjunctivitis sicca" is Latin and, literally translated, means "dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva".)

Treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca may include advice to avoid exacerbating factors (such as dry, dusty, or smokey environments), tear stimulation and supplementation (such as the application of "artificial tears") and eyelid cleansing and treatment of eye inflammation.

More about Ophthalmology:

This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).

Other related pages include

For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.

The following books may also be of interest:

The Aging Eye (Harvard Medical School)
MCQ Companion to the Eye (Textbook)
The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM) Glaucoma: The Essential Treatments and Advances That Could Save Your Sight

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