Hypotropia

Labelled Diagram of the Eye

Labelled diagram of the structure of the retina

Hypotropia is a type of squint (which is also known as strabismus and as heterotropia). Recall that a squint is an abnormal alignment of the eyes.

Hypotropia is the term used to describe the type of squint (abnormal alignment of the eyes) in which one eye - it can be either the right-eye, or the left-eye - looks downwards in situations in which one would usually expect both eyes to be directed other than downwards, e.g. both eyes looking towards a specific test object.

Terms used to refer to the main forms of squint include:

  • Horizontal: Convergent Strabismus (also called Esotropia)
  • Horizontal: Divergent Strabismus (also called Exotropia)
  • Vertical: Hypertropia (an eye looks upwards)
  • Vertical: Hypotropia (an eye looks downwards)
  • Eyes twisted clockwise or anticlockwise relative to each other Cyclotropia.

More about Ophthalmology:

This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).

Other related pages include

For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.

The following books may also be of interest:

The Aging Eye (Harvard Medical School)
MCQ Companion to the Eye (Textbook)
The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM) Glaucoma: The Essential Treatments and Advances That Could Save Your Sight

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