Deuteranopia is a deficiency in colour vision in which those affected confuse red, yellow, and green colours. Deuteranopia may therefore be classed as a form of colour blindness.
Deuteranopia is one of three forms of dichromacy, whose adjective is dichromatic.
People with dichromacy are called dichromats, which means that they can match any colour with some mixture of just two (2) wavelengths of light, whereas normally-sighted people are 'trichromats', meaning that they need three (3) wavelengths of light in order to acceptably match any colour of light.
Deuteranopia affects more males than females. Those who have deuteranopia are sometimes considered to be "green weak" because shades of dark green can appear to them as black.
For comparison (in short summary):
- Protanopia - involves inability to distinguish between colours in the green-yellow-red section of the spectrum due to lack of the long-wavelength sensitive retinal cones.
- Deuteranopia - involves inability to distinguish between colours in the green-yellow-red section of the spectrum due to lack of the medium-wavelength sensitive retinal cones.
- Tritanopia - involves inability to distinguish between the colours in the blue-yellow section of the spectrum.
See also more general information about colour blindness.
More about Ophthalmology:
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of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
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- Definitions of parts of the retina
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