Esotropia is a convergent squint, meaning that one or both eyes are turned inwards towards the nose.
There are several forms (classifications) of esotropia, including:
- Infantile Esotropia.
- Secondary Esotropia (Accomodative), i.e. associated with focussing and therefore may be assisted by correction using spectacles.
- Secondary Esotropia (Non-accomodative), e.g. as a complication consequent to significant or total loss of sight on one eye.
- Secondary Exotropia (Consecutive), e.g. post-surgery for exotropia (which is the form of squint in which the eye/s are directed abnormally outward).
Esotropia can usually be treated. Management depends on the particular case. Examination may involve an ophthalmoscopy (a non-surgical, non-invasive procedure).
Terms used to refer to the main forms of squint include:
More about Ophthalmology:
This section includes short definitions
of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).
Other related pages include
- A diagram of the eye
- Definitions and descriptions of the parts of the eye
- A concise description of the human retina
- Definitions of parts of the retina
- Clinical and surgical procedures re. eyes and human visual system
For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.