Leber's optic atrophy

Labelled Diagram of the Eye

Labelled diagram of the structure of the retina

Leber's optic atrophy is also known as:

  • Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON),
  • Optic atrophy,
  • Leber's optic neuropathy, and
  • Hereditary optic neuroretinopathy.

(These synonyms are mentioned for information but are not necessarily included as separate entries in this glossary. Where multiple entries are included, the synonym text links to its entry.)


Leber's optic atrophy is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by rapid loss of central vision due to neuroretinal degeneration (i.e. visual field testing shows an enlarging central scotoma).

This condition is most commonly diagnosed in young men, typically in the age range 27-34 years.

Leber's optic atrophy is named after German Ophthalmologist, Theodor Karl Gustav von Leber (1840 - 1917), who described this condition in 1868.

More about Ophthalmology:

This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).

Other related pages include

For further information see also our pages of books about ophthalmology.

The following books may also be of interest:

The Aging Eye (Harvard Medical School)
MCQ Companion to the Eye (Textbook)
The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM) Glaucoma: The Essential Treatments and Advances That Could Save Your Sight

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