Pathology is the medical specialty concerned with the study of disease processes with emphasis on understanding the nature and causes of diseases.
Clinical Pathology is the treatment of patients who have diseases using the knowledge acquired through pathological studies, e.g. studies in laboratories using blood samples, urine samples, faeceal samples, tissue samples and so on.
- A medical specialist in the field of pathology is called a pathologist.
- The adjective used to refer to matters relating to or arising from disease is pathological. For example, a pathological fracture is a fracture to a bone that has been caused by the bone being diseased or otherwise abnormal (e.g. by a mechanical force that would not have fractured an equivalent healthy bone).
Links to related areas of this website:
- Glossary: Endocrine Conditions & Disorders
- Glossary: Visual Conditions & Disorders
- Glossary: Nervous Conditions & Disorders
- Glossary: Respiratory Conditions
- Glossary: Skin Conditions & Disorders
- Glossary: General Medical Terms.
Note that not all conditions / disorders are pathological. For example, some conditions are genetic / inherited, age-related, or a consequence of trauma / injury.