Cardiology is the medical specialty concerned with the scientific study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the heart.
Medical conditions affecting the heart include disorders of the valves of the heart, disorders of the arteries within the heart, disorders affecting the heart muscle (which is a special type of muscle), conditions concerning the rhythm of the heart (i.e. arrhythmias).
Heart arrhythmias come in two general forms. They are the case of heart-beat being abnormally slow (bradycardia), and heartbeat being abnormally fast (tachycardia).
Cardiology is concerned with all of these cases and others. An important specialty within cardiology is paediatric cardiology, that is the study of heart conditions in children.
- A medical specialist in the field of cardiology is called an cardiologist.
- The adjective used to refer to cardiology is "cardiological".
Links to other relevant areas on this website include:
- Labelled Diagram of the Structure of the Heart
- Summary of the Functions of the Heart
- Structures & Functions of Blood Vessels
- Summary of the Blood Clotting Mechanism
- Glossary section: Components of the Heart
- Glossary section: General Medical Terms