Ophthalmology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the human eye and associated parts of the visual system.
- A medical specialist
in the field of ophthalmology (diagnosing and treating
disorders of the eyes and associated visual system) is called an ophthalmologist.
This is not to be confused with an optician:
There are two types of opticians, specifically
- Dispensing opticians make and fit spectacles.
- Ophthalmic opticians, also known as optometrists, can both test people to determine the most appropriate spectacles or contact lenses, and also dispense them.
- The adjective used to refer to ophtalmology is ophthalmological.
Links to related areas of this website:
- Diagram: Structure of the Eye
- Diagram: Structure of the Retina
- Glossary: Anatomy of the Eye
- Glossary: Diseases & Disorders of Eyes & Vision
- Glossary: Ophthalmological Procedures
- Glossary section: Visual Perception Studies
- Glossary section: Structure of the Retina
- Glossary section: Medical Specialties
- See also books about Ophthalmology