Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with the study of the structure, functioning, and diseases and disorders of the kidneys.
Compare this with the related area of urology (which is concerned with urinary tract issues more generally).
The word nephrology is derived from "nephros" the Greek word for kidney.
Another term that is commonly used in reference to the kidney is renal, as in "renal failure." This is derived from "renes", the Latin word for kidney.
Healthy individuals have two kidneys, which perform several essential functions. The treatment of kidney problems is complex and requires the knowledge of a specialist in this field.
- A medical specialist in the field of nephrology is called a nephrologist.
- The adjective used to refer to nephrology is nephrological.
Links to related areas of this website: