Parathormone

Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and Metabolism by Scott Isaacs Dr. Bob's Guide to Balancing Female Hormones
Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and Metabolism by Scott Isaacs Dr. Bob's Guide to Balancing Female Hormones

Parathormone is a hormone sectreted by the parathyroid gland - which is part of the thyroid / parathyroid gland located in the neck.

Parathormone is:

  • Associated with the growth of muscle and bone.
  • Responsible for the distribution of calcium and phosphate in the body.

The possible consequences of both excessive quantities of parathormone in the body (hyper-), and insufficient parathormone in the body (hypo-), are summarized below:

Hyper -

  • causes transfer of calcium from the bones to the blood
  • bones become fragile & easily broken
  • osteoporosis.

(Parathormone activity is inhibited by oestrogen.)

Hypo -

  • Lowers blood calcium levels,
  • which lead to tetany (sometimes treated by injections of the hormone)
  • low calcium levels in skeletal muscle (which may cause cramps)

 


See also: What is a Hormone ?

For further general information including the locations of the endocrine glands, see the Endocrine Glands of the Human Body.

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