Calcitonin

Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and Metabolism by Scott Isaacs Dr. Bob's Guide to Balancing Female Hormones
Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and Metabolism by Scott Isaacs Dr. Bob's Guide to Balancing Female Hormones

Calcitonin (also known as "thyrocalcitonin") is a hormone produced by and secreted from the thyroid gland, an endocrine gland in the human body.

Calcitonin helps to regulate the levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood. It decreases the amount of calcium in the blood by inhibiting the action of osteoclasts (cells that break down the bone matrix). Hence, calcitonin promotes the movement of calcium ions Ca(2+) into the bone matrix, simultaneously decreasing the quantity of calcium ions Ca(2+) in the blood.

Calcitonin may be given by injection as part of the treatment of hypercalcaemia and Paget's disease (a bone disease).

 


See also: What is a Hormone ?

For further general information including the locations of the endocrine glands, see the Endocrine Glands of the Human Body.

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