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E1105 is a food additive approved by the European Union (EU). It is a natural protein that acts as an antimicrobial preservative by breaking down bacterial cell walls.
The common name for E1105 is lysozyme.
E1105 is an enzyme present in tears, human milk, blood, saliva and sweat. Its main action is to catalyse hydrolysis reactions within the body.
Conjunctivitis can be caused by a lack of E1105 in the membrane covering the eye. As with all proteins, E1105 can act as an allergen to some individuals.
Examples of food and drink products that sometimes include E1105:
Note(1) The list of Food Additives (E Numbers) included in this section is subject to change as chemicals are added or removed by regulatory authorities. IvyRose cannot guarantee that this list is complete or that all details are up to date.
Note(2) These numbers are also used in Australia and New Zealand but without the E.
Government approvals and other regulatory details are subject to change.
Regulatory approvals and advice can change over time.
This was added in 2007-08. For current details please check with the relevant authorities.
More about food additives