Temporalis

Interactive diagram of the muscles of the head, face and neck

The temporalis is a facial muscle, one of a pair of which one is located on either side of the head, slightly above and forward of each ear.

An example of a function of the temporalis muscle is to chew food.

The points of origin and insertion, and the actions of the temporalis muscle:

Origin: Temporal fossa, including surfaces on the frontal, parietal and temporal bones
Insertion: Coronoid process and ramus of the mandible (lower jaw bone)
Actions:

The temporalis muscle is one of the three muscles of mastication, the other two being the masseter and the medial pterygoid (which is also known as the 'internal pterygoid muscle').

The temporalis is one of the muscles of the head, neck, and face taught as part of many courses in Indian Head Massage. As this is a popular therapy we have included several pages that may be of interest to students of Indian Head Massage. See, for example, the page about skeletal structures of the head and neck.

See the page about Facial Muscles to view the location of the temporalis muscle. (This page consists of an interactive, rather than just a labelled, diagram, so you'll have to test yourself by guessing which muscle is the temporalis until you find the correct label.)

More about Muscles:

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