Anterior Muscles of the Human Body

Anterior muscles of the human body are included in first-level courses in human anatomy.
The topic muscles of the human body is important for students of nursing, physiotherapy, sports science and other health science subjects. The following labelled diagram of human anterior muscles includes some muscles required by the ITEC Diploma in Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology (Sept 2009).

All of the skeletal muscles of the human body cannot be seen from any one view. This is partly because they are located in different areas of the body e.g. anterior, posterior, medial, lateral etc., and partly because there are layers of muscles, i.e. 'deep' muscles are closest to bones whereas 'superficial' muscles just beneath the skin.

Anterior Muscles in the Body

This muscle diagram is interactive: Click on the name of a muscle for a page about that muscle (works for most labels).

Temporalis Frontalis Sternocleidomastoid Trapezius Sternocleidomastoid Trapezius Extensor carpi radialis longus Flexor carpi radialis Brachioradialis Triceps Brachii Coraco brachialis Biceps Brachii Brachialis Pronator teres Deltoid Rectus abdominus Latissimus dorsi Sternocleidomastoid Trapezius Extensor carpi radialis longus Abdominus transversalis Flexor carpi digitorum Vastus medialis Vastus lateralis Vastus intermedialis Rectus femoris Peroneus longus Extensor digitorum longus Flexor digitorum longus Gastrocnemius Sartorius Gracilis Psoas major Iliacus Internal Oblique External Oblique Flexor carpi digitorum Vastus lateralis Vastus intermedialis Rectus femoris Abdominus transversalis Abdominus transversalis Abdominus transversalis Flexor carpi digitorum Flexor carpi ulnaris Abdominus transversalis Flexor carpi digitorum Adductor magnus Adductor longus Adductor brevis Psoas major Iliacus Vastus medialis Peroneus longus Extensor digitorum longus Flexor digitorum longus Gastrocnemius Soleus

The muscles labelled in the anterior muscles diagram shown above are listed in bold in the following table:

Trunk / Torso

Arm / Hand

Leg / Foot

Head / Neck / Face

The muscles listed with a line through their names (above) are often included in first level courses but are not shown in the diagram above.

See the page muscle names and locations for more about all of the muscles in this table - including links to other pages where these muscles are labelled on muscle diagrams.

Also see posterior muscles and facial muscles.

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This is not medical, First Aid or other advice and is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment. Consult an expert in person. Care has been taken when compiling this page but accuracy cannot be guaranteed. This material is copyright.

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