Posterior Muscles of the Human Body

Posterior muscles of the human body are included in first-level courses in human anatomy.
The topic muscles of the human body is important for students of nursing, physiotherapy, sports science and other health science subjects. The following labelled diagram of human posterior muscles includes some muscles required by the ITEC Diploma in Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology (Sept 2009).

Not all of the skeletal muscles of the human body can be seen from any one view. This is partly because they are located in different areas of the body e.g. anterior, posterior, medial, lateral etc., and partly because there are layers of muscles, i.e. 'deep' muscles are closest to bones whereas 'superficial' muscles just beneath the skin.

Posterior Muscles in the Body

This muscle diagram is interactive: Click on the name of a muscle for a page about that muscle (works for most labels).

Rhomboid Minor Rhomboid Major Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Deltoid Rhomboid Minor Rhomboid Major Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Erector Spinae Rhomboid Minor Rhomboid Major Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Splenius Capitis Rhomboid Minor Rhomboid Major Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Splenius Capitis Deltoid Teres Major Teres Minor Trapezius Latissimus Dorsi Rhomboid Minor Rhomboid Major Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Deltoid Teres Major Teres Minor Trapezius Latissimus Dorsi External Oblique Internal Oblique Gluteus Medius Gluteus Minimus Gluteus Maximus Extensor Carpi Digitorum Extensor Carpi Digitorum Triceps Brachii Brachioradialis External Oblique Internal Oblique Gluteus Medius Gluteus Minimus Gluteus Maximus Extensor Carpi Digitorum Extensor Digitorum Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Extensor Carpi Digitorum Peroneus Longus Extensor Carpi Digitorum Gracilis Vastus lateralis Biceps Femoris Adductor longus Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Gastrocnemius Soleus Achilles Tendon Achilles Tendon

The muscles (and associated muscle tissues) labelled in the posterior muscles diagram shown above are listed in bold the following table by part of the body:

Trunk / Torso

Arm / Hand

Leg / Foot

Head / Neck / Face

 
 

The muscles listed with a line through their names (above) are often included in first level courses but are not shown in the diagram above.

See the page muscle names and locations for more about all of the muscles in this table - including links to other pages where these muscles are labelled on muscle diagrams.

Also see anterior muscles and facial muscles.

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This is not medical, First Aid or other advice and is not to be used for diagnosis or treatment. Consult an expert in person. Care has been taken when compiling this page but accuracy cannot be guaranteed. This material is copyright.

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