Vertebral border of scapula

The Human Scapula Bone

The vertebral border (of the scapula) is a structural feature on the scapula bone (also known as the shoulder blade or shoulder bone).

The vertebral border of the scapula is also known as the medial border of the scapula, the "internal border of the scapula" and sometimes as the "base (of the scapula)".

General context of the vertebral border of the scapula:

The scapula is a triangular bone.
Triangles have 3 angles and 3 sides.

The 3 angles of the scapula bone are located towards the upper, lower and lateral (= axillary) surfaces of the scapula. The 3 "sides" of the approximately triangular shape of the scapula bone are not straight (as per strict mathematical triangles) but are curved and are called "borders".

The 3 borders of the scapula are :

As its name suggests, the vertebral border of the scapula is the closest edge of the scapula bone to the vertebral column. It is also the edge of the scapula bone located towards the middle of the body (as opposed to the lateral - right or left - aspects), hence it is also known as the 'medial border' of the scapula.

The vertebral border of the scapula is the longest of the three borders of the scapula. It extends all the way along the long edge of the scapula bone from the superior angle of the scapula (= medial angle of scapula) to the inferior angle of the scapula. As shown in the diagram, the part of the medial border located above the spine of the scapula is angled outwards (away from the vertebral column) forming a marked angle in the shape of the vertebral border of the scapula at the location of the medial extreme of the spine of scapula.

The vertebral border of the scapula includes points of attachments of several major muscles of the upper body:

Part of Medial border of scapula

Muscles attached

anterior lip

  • serratus magnus

posterior lip

intermediate space
(between anterior and posterior lips)

Part of Medial border of scapula

Muscles attached

anterior lip

  • serratus magnus

posterior lip

intermediate space
(between anterior and posterior lips)

For more about this and related topics see the links to other features on the scapula bone listed on the left and the pages about the scapula bone and about bone markings and features on bones.

More about bones and features on bones:

For further information see also books about orthopaedics.

In the News:

Garlic and Artichoke adopted through ABC's Adopt-an-Herb Program - 14 Jun '19

Cranberry Harvest underway in USA - 5 Oct '18

Total retail sales of herbal supplements in the USA exceeded $8 Billion in 2017 - 13 Sep '18

It's a bumper blueberry season - 13 Jul '18

Positive effects of exercise on blood cell populations - 20 Jun '18

Benefits of dementia friendly swimming opportunities - 30 May '18

Essential oils used in ambulances - 28 May '18

Psychological benefits of different types of natural environments - 2 Nov '17

Angels encourage us to develop mental, spiritual and emotional clarity.

Although care has been taken when compiling this page, the information contained might not be completely up to date. Accuracy cannot be guaranteed. This material is copyright. See terms of use.

IvyRose Holistic 2003-2019.