Body of scapula
The body of the scapula is a structural feature on the scapula bone (also known as the shoulder blade or shoulder bone).
The 'body' or main central area of the scapula bone has two surfaces:
- The dorsal surface of the scapula is on the posterior side of the scapula bone which is the surface on the back-side of the skeleton.
- The costal surface of the scapula is on the anterior side of the scapula which is the surface closest to the ribs when the bones are arranged as in a normal human skeleton.
The dorsal surface of the scapula is divided into two shallow depressions (called "fossae") by a triangular-shaped process called the spine of scapula. This divides the dorsal surface of the scapula into two parts - an upper part called the supraspinous fossa and a lower part called the infraspinous fossa.
The costal surface of the scapula is hollow from above downwards and from side to side. It is includes the subscapular fossa (which is a term that is sometimes used interchangeably with the "costal surface" of the scapula).
For more about this and related topics see the links to other features on the scapula bone listed on the left and the pages about the scapula bone and about bone markings and features on bones.
More about bones and features on bones:
- Structures and functions of bones (an overview about the skeletal system)
- Types of bones, such as long bones, short bones, flat bones, etc.
- Bone markings and features on bones of the human body
- Types of joints, such as immoveable, slightly moveable and freely moveable joints
- Diagram of the human skeleton
- Overview of types of conditions and disorders of the skeletal system
For further information see also books about orthopaedics.