Sarcoplasmic reticulum is wider at its two ends, which form terminal sacs, called cisternae. A functional unit is a triad, which consists of two cisternae of adjacent sarcoplasmic reticula and one transverse tubule in between. The distance between the terminal cisternae and the transervse tubule is 10-15 nm.
The functions of the sarcoplasmic reticulum within muscle tissue include:
- Uptake of calcium from the sarcoplasm, and
- Releasing calcium into the sarcoplasm to initiate muscle contraction, and the converse during relaxation.
See also more about the types of muscle contraction.
This section consists of short summaries about the structures that form the muscles of the body. This list is not exhaustive but is intended to be appropriate for students of A-Level Human Biology, ITEC courses in massage and related subjects, and other courses in health sciences. For more general information about muscles see the pages about:
This section is about the
anatomical structures of muscles.
- Anterior Muscles
- Posterior Muscles
- Facial Muscles
- Muscle Terminology (Definitions)
- 1. Structure of Muscle
- 2. Structure of Muscle Cells
- 3. Muscle Filaments
- 4. Sliding Filament Theory
- 5. Neuromuscular Junction
- 6. Actions at Neuromuscular Junction
- Types of Muscle Contractions
- Muscular Disorders
- Effects of exercise on muscles