E101(i) = Vitamin B2
E101 (i) and E101 (ii) are a food additives approved by the European Union (EU). They are used as natural colouring agents in food products.
The common names for E101 (i) and (ii) are Riboflavin and Riboflavin-5'phosphate, respectively.
E101 (i) is better known as vitamin B2.
These colourings occur naturally in liver, kidney, eggs, milk and vegetables. They can also be prepared industrially by synthesis of certain yeasts. E101 gives foods a yellow colour but its use is limited by its low solubility.
E101 in the diet is essential in order for antibody production and for the formation of red blood cells.
Examples of food and drink products that sometimes include E101:
- fish fingers
- bakery products