E154 is a food additive approved by the European Union (EU). It is used as a synthetic colouring agent in food and drink products.
The common name for E154 is Brown FK, but it may also be referred to as Kipper Brown.
E154 is a brown food colouring. It is a mixture of azo dyes, which is highly soluble in water. E154 tends to be used on fish to keep the flesh a "healthy-looking" colour, even after cooking.
E154 has been found to exacerbate asthma and, when taken in combination with benzoates, may induce hyperactivity in children. Individuals with intolerance to salicylates may also find that they are intolerant to E154, due to the colouring being an azo dye.
E154 is banned in the United States.
Examples of food and drink products that sometimes include E154:
- smoked and cured fish (especially kippers and mackerel)