Pituitary

Diagram of the Human Endocrine Glands
Location of the Human Endocrine Glands

The pituitary gland is also known as the "hypophysis" and is an important endocrine gland in the human body.

Endocrine glands differ from "exocrine" glands in that exocrine glands have ducts (so may be referred to as "ducted") whereas endocrine glands do not have ducts (and so may be referred to as "ductless").

The pituitary gland is a pea-sized unit connected beneath the hypothalamus. It is protected by the bony cavity in which it is located at the base of the skull.

The pituitary gland consists of several lobes, including an anterior lobe ("adenohypophysis") and a posterior lobe ("neurohypophysis"). This is just a few short notes - for more detailed information see study notes about the pituitary gland.

Hormones secreted by the pituitary gland include:

For a diagram indicating the locations within the body of each of the endocrine glands, see Endocrine Glands of the Human Body.

This may be of interest to students of courses in massage, reflexology, beauty therapies, and other first-level therapy or other health-related courses.

More about the Endocrine System

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