The pancreas is an important compound gland of the human body.
Some of the functions of the pancreas are as an endocrine gland - whose function is an important aspect of the endocrine system. Other important aspects of the pancreas are as an exocrine gland - secreting enzymes necessary for the digestive system. Remember that endocrine glands differ from "exocrine" glands in that exocrine glands have ducts (so may be referred to as "ducted") whereas endocrine glands do not have ducts (and so may be referred to as "ductless").
Hormones secreted by the pancreas acting as an endocrine gland:
Enzymes secreted by the pancreas acting as an exocrine gland:
- Pancreatic juice is secreted by the pancreas and
can include the following (in various concentrations - determined
by hormones secreted
by the duodenum):
- Sodium bicarbonate (which neutralizes the acidity of the contents
of the stomach),
also the enzymes
- lipase, and
- Sodium bicarbonate (which neutralizes the acidity of the contents of the stomach),
For a diagram indicating the locations within the body of each of the endocrine glands, see Endocrine Glands of the Human Body.
- Introduction to the Endocrine System
- What is a hormone ?
- Water Soluble Hormones vs Fat Soluble Hormones
- Triggers for Hormone Release
- Hormone Regulation Feedback Mechanism
- Major Glands of the Endocrine System
- The Pituitary Gland
- The Adrenal Glands
- Non-endocrine tissues that release hormones
- Conditions of the Endocrine System