The hypothalamus gland is also
known as the hypophysis and is an important endocrine gland
in the human body.
Endocrine glands differ from "exocrine" glands in that exocrine glands have ducts (so may be referred to as "ducted") whereas endocrine glands do not have ducts (and so may be referred to as "ductless").
The hypothalamus gland is the region of the forebrain below the thalamus and above the pituitary gland - as illustrated below.
The hypothalamus gland is an important part of the brain that directs many functions and processes, such as:
- body temperature,
- water balance, and
- sexual functions.
Cerebral endocrine activity is controlled by the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the pineal gland. These three glands are known collectively as the "encephalon" and form the connection between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
For a diagram indicating the locations within the body of each of the endocrine glands, see Endocrine Glands of the Human Body.
- Introduction to the Endocrine System
- What is a hormone ?
- Water Soluble Hormones vs Fat Soluble Hormones
- Triggers for Hormone Release
- Hormone Regulation Feedback Mechanism
- Major Glands of the Endocrine System
- The Pituitary Gland
- The Adrenal Glands
- Non-endocrine tissues that release hormones
- Conditions of the Endocrine System