The epidermis is the outer-layer of the skin and consists of keratinised stratified squamous epithelium. (Skin is also known as the "integument", or "integumentary system".)
According to some texts there are 4 layers in the epidermis, which are:
- the stratum corneum
- the stratum lucidum
- the stratum granulosum and
- the stratum germinativum, which is also known as the “Malpighian Layer”.
More detailed texts describe the epidermis as consisting of 5 layers, mentioning the stratum spinosum and the stratum basale in place of the stratum germinativum, which refers to those layers collectively.
To view the location of the epidermis layer relative to other parts of the skin see the diagram of the structure of the skin. This may be of particular interest to students of courses in massage, reflexology, beauty therapies, and other health science or clinical courses.