Cranial bones

The cranial bones are a group of bones within the human head.

There are 8 cranial bones including:

1 x Ethmoid Bone
1 x Frontal Bone
1 x Occipital Bone
2 x Parietal Bones
1 x Sphenoid Bone
2 x Temporal Bones

These cranial bones form the structure of the top, back, and sides of the skull. The structure of the front of the head is formed by the facial bones.

The functions of the cranium include holding in place and protecting the brain in its cavity, which is called the "cranial vault". The cranial bones are relatively flat and plate-like in shape and are positioned together at joints called sutures.

The individual shapes and personalising features of the cranial (and facial) bones contribute much of the definition of the static appearances of the face. This is especially important in some aspects of archeological research because forensic pathologists and biologists can reconstruct the superficial appearance of a face merely from the human skull. The most important cranial bones for the appearance of the face is the frontal bone, which is located at the top of the face above the eye sockets.

See notes about, and labelled diagrams of, all human cranial and facial bones on one page.

More about Bones and the Skeletal System:

This website includes many pages about bones and the skeletal system. The following pages may be of interest. These also link to further pages about related topics such as specific types of fractures, bone diseases and so on.

For further information see also our pages of books about orthopaedics.

Click for more pages about Bones

In the News:

Saffron adopted through ABC's Adopt-an-Herb Program - 7 Apr '20

Kale is in season in February - 7 Feb '20

Aromatherapy assoc. NAHA supports lavender via ABC's adopt-an-herb - 22 Dec '19

Garlic and Artichoke adopted through ABC's Adopt-an-Herb Program - 14 Jun '19

Cranberry Harvest underway in USA - 5 Oct '18

Total retail sales of herbal supplements in the USA exceeded $8 Billion in 2017 - 13 Sep '18

It's a bumper blueberry season - 13 Jul '18

Positive effects of exercise on blood cell populations - 20 Jun '18

Certain angels are associated with 'passing-over' and our smooth transition from this life to the next ...

Although care has been taken when compiling this page, the information contained might not be completely up to date. Accuracy cannot be guaranteed. This material is copyright. See terms of use.

IvyRose Holistic 2003-2023.