Cerebal Palsy

Clinical Neuroscience Neurodegeneration: Exploring Commonalities Across Diseases
Clinical Neuroscience Neurodegeneration: Exploring Commonalities Across Diseases
Definition

Cerebal Palsy is a non-progressive disorder of movement resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or immediately after birth.

Cause

Cerebal Palsy is attributed to damage to the brain, generally occuring before, during, or immediately after birth. It is often associated with other neurological and mental problems. There are many causes including birth injury, hypoxia, hypoglycaemia, jaundice and infection.

Effect(s)

The most common disability is a spastic paralysis.

Sensation is often affected, leading to a lack of balance. Intelligence, posture and speech are frequently impaired. Contractures of the limbs may cause fixed abnormalities.

Other associated features can include:

  • epilepsy
  • visual impairment
  • squint
  • reduced hearing, and
  • behavioural problems

 

See also diseases and disorders of the nervous system (all on one page).

Further information about the nervous system includes the main parts of the nervous system, parts of the brain and the pathway of a nerve impulse.

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