The word calmative is sometimes used to refer to agents - including natural substances such as herbs, oils, or essences, or conventional pharmaceutical drugs, that act as a sedative.
'Calmative' is not a standard medical term so is not included in all medical or biology dictionaries. However, the term 'sedative' is often included and is generally defined as a drug or other agent that has a calming effect. That is it relives anxiety, tension and distress.
The definitions in this section are of words used to refer to the actions (effects) of both pharmaceutical drugs and natural remedies. For information about specific oils, herbs, and remedies that might have properties including some of the actions mentioned in this section, see other parts of this website. For example, the pages about Aromatherapy Essential Oils, Bach Flower Remedies, Herbalism, Homeopathic Remedies, Homeopathy and Massage Carrier Oils.