Date Published: 15 October 2007

Training of teachers on how to give psychosocial support in emergencies - Iran

Training teachers and counselors on how to provide psychosocial support to children and their families before a disaster strikes should be an essential element of any emergency preparedness and disaster risk reduction program,” UNICEF’s Representative in Iran, Christian Salazar, said today.

Speaking at a conference organized by the Iran Interior Ministry’s National Disaster Task Force, Salazar, stressed that most disaster-affected populations were able to recover from their experiences and return to normalcy provided that security was restored and they had access to basic information and the skills to help themselves.

The Head of UNICEF Iran singled out three activities that are in line with effective disaster risk reduction:

  • developing child protection principles in emergencies for social workers;
  • preparing prefabricated schools for emergencies, which – due to the speed of their assembly – can ensure a quick return of children to a normal school routine and thus help reduce emotional harm to them;
  • the scheduled training by UNICEF Iran of a total of 180 Ministry of Education counselors on principles of psychosocial support before and during emergencies.

    Another important step is to put measures into place to reunify families as fast as possible, so as to reduce further harm to children who have suffered a disaster,” Salazar added.

UNICEF Iran’s activities in the field of disaster preparedness are in line with the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), which aims to raise awareness on disaster risk reduction worldwide. The 2006-2007 campaign by ISDR and UNESCO focuses on disaster risk reduction in schools.

Iran has great capacity in addressing the ‘physical’ needs of the population in times of disasters. However, more needs to be done to also address the emotional distress that children and the community experience following emergencies,” said Salazar.

ISDR’s publication for International Disaster Risk Reduction this year specifically mentions Iran to be at a ‘relatively advanced stage’ and cites the running of the 8th national drill this year under the “Annual School Earthquake and Safety Initiative” covering all primary, middle and high schools (130,000) covering 14 million school children. A separate publication also highlights UNICEF Iran’s emergency pre-fab school design and psychosocial support as “good practices” for emergency preparedness programs.

Source: UNICEF Main Website.
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