More Chemical Names of Common Substances

This page is a continuation of the page listing common chemicals in the home, which is intended for students of basic chemistry (school-level, up to GCSE Chemistry). This page includes further examples of chemicals - not necessarily found in the home - that may be less obvious or familar to most students of GCSE Chemistry, but some students may have heard of and / or discuss them in school. In some cases the following chemicals are of interest for particular applications - such as pigments for paints, or have been used more extensively in the past.

The following table is arranged in alphabetical order of the common name of the chemical. If you're not sure what the molecular formulae mean you can look up the symbols at list of chemical elements (listed in alphabetical order of chemical symbol).

You can also read more about molecular formulae of organic molecules.

Common /
Household Name
Chemical Name2,3
Molecular Formula
Notes:

Alcohol, wood

methanol, methyl alcohol

CH3OH

Alcohol, grain

Ethanol or ethyl alcohol

C2H5OH

Alcohol, rubbing

2-propanol, propan-2-ol,
propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol

C3H8O

Aqua regia

1:3 mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids

HNO3 : 3 HCl

Baking soda

sodium bicarbonate, also known as: sodium hydrogen carbonate

NaHCO3

Banana oil

amyl acetate, isoamyl acetate

C7H14O2

Chloroform

Trichloromethane

CHCl3

Chrome yellow

Lead(II) chromate

PbCrO4

Cream of tartar

Potassium hydrogen tartrate

KHC4H4O6

Ether

Ethyl ether, also known as
ethoxy ethane

C4H10O
or can be written:
(C2H5)2O

Glauber's salt

Hydrated sodium sulphate

Na2SO4

Alcohol, grain

Ethanol or ethyl alcohol

C2H5OH

Green vitriol

Hydrated ferrous sulphate

FeSO4

Inverted sugar

Mixture of glucose and fructose

C6H12O6

and
C6H12O6

Laughing gas

Dinitrogen oxide

N2O

Limestone

Calcium carbonate

CaCO3

Lithopone

Mixture of zinc sulphide and barium sulphate

ZnS and BaSO4

Lye

Sodium hydroxide

NaOH

Marsh gas

Methane

CH4

MEK

Methyl ethyl ketone, butanone

C4H8O
= CH3COC2H5

Paris green

Double salt of copper acetate and copper arsenite

Cu(C2H3O2)2 ·3Cu(AsO2)2

Picric acid

2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP)

C6H3N3O7

Plaster of Paris

Calcium sulphate hemihydrate

CaSO4⋅½ H2O

Prussian blue

Ferric ferrocyanide

Fe7(CN)18 ⋅14 H2O

Pyrite ("Fool's Gold")

Iron disulphide

FeS2

Alcohol, rubbing

2-propanol, propan-2-ol,
propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol

C3H8O

Slaked lime

Calcium hydroxide

Ca(OH)2

TNT

Trinitrotoluene

C7H5N3O6

White lead

basic lead carbonate

(PbCO3)2 ·Pb(OH)2

Wood alcohol

Methyl alcohol, methanol

CH3OH

This page is a continuation from common chemicals in the home.
For the complete list on one page see common and trade names of chemicals - with their molecular formulae.

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