Index of Common Crystals and Gemstones

The following table includes general information about and images of some of the most well-known forms of crystals and gemstones widely available at the moment.

This can be used to look-up a crystal that you have heard of and would like to see a picture and some general information about. Alternatively, if you're interested in crystals but not sure about the different types and which you might perfer, scroll down to view the descriptions and images.

Amethyst

Amethyst

This image is of a natural amethyst point on the edge of an amethyst plate. It shows the purple colour of amethyst against a white background.

Colour:

Purple

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because amethyst is a form of quartz)

Examples of source locations:
  • Africa
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Colorado
  • Mexico
  • Oregon
  • Siberia
  • Uruguay
Associations:

Blue Kyanite

Blue Kyanite

The image is of a natural sample of Blue Kyanite.

Colour:

Shades of dark blue (grey, green or white forms also known).

Material Structure:

Triclinic

Examples of source locations:
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Czech.Rep.
  • Congo
  • France
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kenya
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac Signs taurus, libra and aries.
  • Does not accumulate or retain negative energies therefore never needs to be cleaned.
  • Alignment of chakras, tranquility, calm, attainment of meditative state, recollection of dreams, radionic analysis.
  • the number 4

Blue Lace Agate

Blue Lace Agate

The image is of a blue lace agate tumble stone.

Colour:

Lacey pattern in shades of pale blues through to white

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because blue lace agate is a form of quartz)

Source locations:

-

Associations:
  • Zodiac Sign of pisces
  • Throat, heart, third-eye and crown chakras
  • the number 3

Blue Celestine

Blue Celestine

The image is of a sky-blue celestine plate; natural, unpolished crysal.)

See also celestine.

Colour:

Various shades of blue (depending on mineral content)

Material Structure:

Orthorhombic

Examples of source locations:
  • Africa
  • Madagascar
Associations:
  • Zodiac Sign of gemini
  • Mental activities and rationality
  • Balance
  • Communication
  • Astral Travel
  • Bright Hope and Good Fortune
  • Music
  • the numbers 2 and 8

Carnelian

Carnelian

The image is of a polished freeform of orange/red carnelian.

Colour:

Shades of yellow, orange, & red

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because carnelian is a form of quartz)

Source locations:
  • Africa
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs taurus, cancer and leo
  • Analytical cababilities and precision
  • Protection against negative emotions
  • Stabilizing energies in the home environment
  • Drama & Theatrical Pursuits,
  • Chakras 1,2,3 and 4
  • the numbers 5 and 6

Citrine

Citrine

The image is of a natural twin point citrine crystal.)

See also citrine.

Colour:

Shades of yellow, golden-brown, amber.

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because citrine is a form of quartz)

Source locations:
  • none listed here
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs gemini, aries, libra and leo
  • Accumulation and maintenance of wealth; radiance from within the self; clarification of intellect and emotions; inter-personal relationships.
  • the number 6

Clear Quartz

Clear Quartz

The image is of a clear quartz tumble stone.

Colour:

Many, e.g. clear. Inclusions such as rutile (Rutile Quartz).

Material Structure:

Trigonal

Source locations:

Many (worldwide)

Associations:

Many associations, including:

  • Meditation
  • Spiritual development
  • Healing

Fluorite

Flourite

(also known as fluor spar)

The image is of a polished tabet of fluorite.

See also fluorite.

Colour:

Many - incl. purple, green, clear, blue, pink, yellow, red, black.

Material Structure:

Cubic

Examples of source locations:
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China
  • England
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs pisces and capricorn
  • Mental / intellectual achievement
  • Concentration
  • Balance within relationships
  • Purity
  • the number 7

Green Aventurine

Green Aventurine

The image is of a green aventurine tumble stone.

Colour:

Green

Material Structure:

-

Source locations:

None listed here

Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of aries
  • Heart chakra
  • Balancing male / female energies
  • Creativity
  • Motivation
  • Leadership qualities
  • Balancing of intellectual, emotional and physical auric bodies
  • the number 3

Hematite

The image is a photograph of a hematite tumble stone.

Colour:

Metallic - most commonly Silver

Material Structure:

Rhombohedral

Examples of source locations:

Many incl.

  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • South Africa
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs aries & aquarius
  • Mathematical pursuits
  • Temperature optimisation
  • Dissolution of negativity
  • Grounding
  • the number 9

Malachite

Malachite

The image is a photograph of two malachite tumble stones.

See also malachite.

Colour:

Ranges from light green through to very dark green

Material Structure:

Monoclinic (a minor ore of copper)

Examples of source locations:
  • Australia
  • Congo
  • England
  • France
  • Greece
  • Mexico
  • Russia
  • USA
  • Zambia
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs capricorn & scorpio
  • Transformation and changing situations
  • Clearing and activating all chakras, esp. the heart and the throat chakras
  • Goal achievement
  • Aviation
  • Self-awareness
  • the number 9

Moonstone

Moonstone

This image is of a moonstone tumble stone.

Colour:

White and 'off-whites'

Material Structure:

Monoclinic

Source locations:

None listed here

Associations:
  • Zodiac signs of cancer, libra & scorpio
  • Energy of New Beginnings
  • Changing cycles of life
  • Intuition, rather than intellect
  • Confidence and composure
  • Protection for travellers
  • Calm awareness
  • the number 4

Red Aventurine

Red Aventurine

This image is of a red aventurine tumble stone.

Colour:

Ranges from dark red through to shades of pink

Material Structure:

Trigonal

Source locations:

Many incl.

  • Africa
Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of aries
  • Creativity
  • Motivation
  • Leadership qualities
  • Balancing of intellectual
  • Emotional and physical auric bodies
  • the number 3

Red Jasper

Red Jasper

This image is of a red jasper tumble stone.

Colour:

Red, often bright red

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because red jasper is a form of quartz)

Source locations:

None listed here

Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of taurus
  • Rectifying unjust circumstances
  • Self-responsibility
  • Remembering dreams
  • the number 6

Rhodonite

Rhodonite

This image is of a rhodonite tumble stone.

Colour:

Dark pink & black. Opaque rather than transparent or even semi-transparent

Material Structure:

Triclinic

Examples of source locations:
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • England
  • Finland
  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of taurus
  • Balancing Yin-Yang energ
  • Energizing the heart chakra
  • Achievement of one's greatest potential
  • the number 9

Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz

This image is of a rose quartz tumble stone.

See also rose quartz.

Colour:

Ranges from very pale (almost white) pink, through bright to mid, but not very dark, pink

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because rose quartz is a form of quartz)

Source locations:

Many locations worldwide, incl. Africa.

Associations:
  • Zodiac signs taurus & libra
  • Calm cooling energies
  • Healing 'emotional wounds' & bringing peace to relationships
  • the number 7

Snowflake Obsidian

Snowflake Obsidion

This image is of a snowflake obsidian tumble stone.

Colour:

Black with white 'snowflake' flecks

Material Structure:

Amorphous (no structure, poss. as formed from lava)

Source locations:
  • New Mexico
  • Oregon
Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of virgo
  • Optimisation of thought patterns to re-direct one's life
  • Purity and Balance
  • the number 8

Sodalite

Sodalite

This image is of a sodalite tumble stone.

See also sodalite.

Colour:

Dark blue

Material Structure:

Cubic

Examples of source locations:
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Norway
  • South Africa
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac sign of sagittarius
  • Rational / logical mental processes
  • Group solidarity & purpose
  • Companionship & mutual-dependence
  • the number 4

Tigers Eye

Tiger's Eye

This image is a photograph of a gold tigers eye tumble stone.

Colour:

Gold is the most usual colour - see also 'Blue Tigers Eye' on unusual crystals page.

Material Structure:

Trigonal

Source locations:
  • Africa
Associations:
  • Zodiac sign capricorn
  • Clarity
  • Integrating disperate details
  • Psychic abilities
  • Brightness, optimism & stimulating wealth
  • the number 4

Turquoise

Turquoise

This image is of a turquoise tumble stone.

Colour:

Blue through shades of blue / green

Material Structure:

Triclinic

Examples of source locations:
  • Afganistan
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Chile
  • Eygpt
  • England
  • Iran
  • Russia
  • Tanzania
  • Tibet
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs sagittarius, pisces & scorpio
  • Strengthening all chakras, meridians and subtle bodies
  • Communication of emotions
  • Grounding
  • Protection
  • the number 1

Watermelon Tourmaline

Photograph to be added

Colour:

Pink merging into green

Material Structure:

Trigonal

Examples of source locations:

Many incl.

  • England
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • USA
Associations:
  • Zodiac signs virgo and gemini
  • Heart chakra
  • Co-operative efforts
  • Tact
  • the number 2

Yellow Jasper

Yellow Jasper

This image is a photograph of a yellow jasper tumble stone.

Colour:

Yellow

Material Structure:

Trigonal (because yellow jasper is a form of quartz)

Source locations:
  • Africa
Associations:
  • Interconnectedness
  • Awareness
  • Expression
  • the number 7

For similar information about more unusual crystals go to the index of unusual crystals.

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