Introduction to the Digestive System of the Human Body

Monosaccharides are simple sugars that have the general chemical formula (CH2O)n.

Monosaccharides can have between 3 and 9 carbon atoms.
The most common monosaccharides have 5 or 6 carbon atoms.

How monosaccharides are described

Monosaccharides are classified according to the number of carbon atoms they have:

  • trioses have 3 carbon atoms,
  • tetroses have 4 carbon atoms,
  • pentoses have 5 carbon atoms,
  • hexoses have 6 carbon atoms.

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