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Buphthalmos is an ocular condition that is also known as Hydrophthalmos.

Buphthalmos is a form of glaucoma that is either present since birth (i.e. congenital) or develops in early infancy.

In the case of buphthalmos the high/increased pressure within the eye (increased intraocular pressure = glaucoma) is due to the failure of the tissues through which excess fluid would normally drain from the eye to develop normally.

Large Eyes: The sclera (outer coat of the eyeball) of normal young children is able to stretch and expand. In the cases of those with buphthalmos, the whole eyeball increases in size as a result of the inflow of fluid that cannot drain away effectively. Unusually large eyes are therefore an important clinical feature in recognising cases of buphthalmos.
Another feature that may indicate buphthalmos is the presence of Haab's striae.

In most cases buphthalmos affects both eyes (i.e. it is bilateral), but the effect is not necessarily the same on each eye - one eye might be slightly larger than the other even though both are larger than normal.
may occur together with other congenital abnormalities elsewhere in the body.

Buphthalmos can be treated surgically such as by performing a goniotomy (or a trabeculectomy or trabeculectomy). Untreated congenital glaucoma may lead to blindness.



More about Ophthalmology: This section includes short definitions of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system. For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).
Other related pages include the diagram of the eye, and definitions of parts of the eye, a description of the human retina, and definitions of parts of the retina, and the section of short definitions of clinical and surgical procedures re. eyes and human visual system.

For further information see also our section of Books about Ophthalmology.

Diagram of the Eye

The Structure of the Retina of the Human Eye

Improve Your Vision Without Glasses or Contact Lenses (Paperback)

How to Improve Your Child's Eyesight Naturally: A Thoughtful Parent's Guide

The Secret of Perfect Vision: How You Can Prevent and Reverse Nearsightedness

Diabetes and the Eye
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