Fungi in the UK

Fungi (plural, the singular noun is fungus) are classified apart from plants, animals, and bacteria. A fungus is a member of the large fungi kingdom (i.e. a biological kingdom), which includes microorganisms such as yeasts and moulds (Am.Sp. 'molds'), as well as mushrooms, toadstools, brackets, puffballs etc..

There are many different types of fungi found in the British countryside. These include fungi that are not only interesting from a scientific perspective, but are also very beautiful to observe in nature.

The following list of examples of fungi found in the UK is in alphabetical order of their scientific names. Brief notes are included in the table. Click the (pink) links for more about specific fungi.

Examples of fungi found in Britain:

Common Name
(in English)

Scientific name

Notes:

1.

Horse Mushroom

Agaricus arvensis

2.

Field Mushroom

Agaricus campestris

3.

Yellow Stainer

Agaricus xanthodermus

4.

Orange Peel Fungus

Aleuria aurantia

5.

False Deathcap

Amanita citrina

6.

Tawny Grisette

Amanita fulva

7.

Fly Agaric

Amanita muscaria

8.

Panthercap

Amanita pantherina

9.

Death Cap

Amanita phalloides

10.

The Blusher

Amanita rubescens

11.

Destroying Angel

Amanita virosa

12.

Honey Fungus

Armillaria mellea

13.

Bay Bolete

Boletus badius

14.

Red Cracking Bolete

Boletus chrysenteron

15.

Penny Bun

Boletus edulis

16.

Suede Bolete

Boletus subtomentosus

17.

Giant Puffball

Calvatia gigantea

18.

Chanterelle

Cantharellus cibarius

19.

Ivory Funnel

Clitocybe dealbata

20.

Common Funnel

Clitocybe gibba

21.

Clouded Funnel

Clitocybe nebularis

22.

Aniseed Funnel

Clitocybe odora

23.

The Miller

Clitopilus prunulus

24.

Butter Cap

Collybia butyracea

25.

Clustered Toughshank

Collybia confluens

26.

Common Inkcap

Coprinus atramentarius

27.

Shaggy Inkcap

Coprinus comatus

28.

Glistening Inkcap

Coprinus micaceus

29.

Deadly Webcap

Cortinarius rubellus

30.

Horn of Plenty

Craterellus cornucopioides

31.

Beefsteak Fungus

Fistulina hepatica

32.

Velvet Shank

Flammulina velutipes

33.

Funeral Bell

Galerina marginata

34.

Southern Bracket

Ganoderma australe

35.

Collared Earthstar

Geastrum triplex

36.

False Morel

Gyromitra esculenta

37.

White Saddle

Helvella crispa

38.

Wood Hedgehog

Hydnum repandum

39.

Golden Waxcap

Hygrocybe chlorophana

40.

Scarlet Waxcap

Hygrocybe coccinea

41.

Blackening Waxcap

Hygrocybe conica

42.

Parrot Waxcap

Hygrocybe psittacina

43.

Sulphur Tuft

Hypholoma fasciculare

44.

Deadly Fibrecap

Inocybe erubescens

45.

Sheathed Woodtuft

Kuehneromyces mutabilis

46.

Amethyst Deceiver

Laccaria amethystina

47.

Deceiver

Laccaria laccata

48.

False Saffron Milkcap

Lactarius deterrimus

49.

Oakbug Milkcap

Lactarius quietus

50.

Chicken of the Woods

Laetiporus sulphureus

51.

Brown Birch Bolete

Leccinum scabrum

52.

Stinking Dapperling

Lepiota cristata

53.

Wood Blewit

Lepista nuda

54.

Common Puffball

Lycoperdon perlatum

55.

Stump Puffball

Lycoperdon pyriforme

56.

Parasol

Macrolepiota procera

57.

Fairy Ring Champignon

Marasmius oreades

58.

Giant Polypore

Meripilus giganteus

59.

Morel

Morchella esculenta

60.

Common Bonnet

Mycena galericulata

61.

Clustered Bonnet

Mycena inclinata

62.

Porcelain Fungus

Oudemansiella mucida

63.

Brown Rollrim

Paxillus involutus

64.

Stinkhorn

Phallus impudicus

65.

Jelly Rot

Phlebia tremellosa

66.

Shaggy Scalycap

Pholiota squarrosa

67.

Birch Polypore

Piptoporus betulinus

68.

Oak Polypore

Piptoporus quercinus

69.

Oyster Mushroom

Pleurotus ostreatus

70.

Deer Shield

Pluteus cervinus

71.

Dryad's Saddle

Polyporus squamosus

72.

Charcoal Burner

Russula cyanoxantha

73.

The Sickener

Russula emetica

74.

Ochre Brittlegill

Russula ochroleuca

75.

Common Earthball

Scleroderma citrinum

76.

Ringed-blue Roundhead

Stropharia aeruginosa

77.

Slippery Jack

Suillus luteus

78.

Yellow Brain

Tremella mesenterica

79.

Yellow Knight

Tricholoma equestre

80.

Candlesnuff Fungus

Xylaria hypoxylon

Notes: The above list of 80 species of fungi found in the British Isles is in alphabetical order of the scientific names of the fungi. The numbers included on the left are just for ease of reference to this list. This is not a complete list of British fungi, but just a small group of the thousands of species of larger fungi recorded as found in Britain.

Warning: Some fungi, incl. mushrooms and toadstools found in nature are highly poisonous so should never be eaten.
Although fungi are interesting to look at and study, it is dangerous to eat or 'taste' wild mushrooms without appropriate expert knowledge.

See also characteristics of fungi.
For more Latin words see biology prefixes and suffixes and Latin names of Bach flowers.

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